23 enero 2023

Artículos Artículos en inglés

Artículo doctrinal: “Analysing the environmental impact of IMO sulphur regulation 2020, annex VI, MARPOL”

Title: “Analysing the environmental impact of IMO sulphur regulation 2020, annex VI, MARPOL”

Título: “Análisis del impacto ambiental del reglamento sobre azufre de la OMI de 2020, anexo VI, MARPOL”

Author: Mr Abhay Singh, Research Scholar, Gujarat National Law University

Author: Prof. Sanjeevi Shanthakumar, Director, Gujarat National Law University

Fecha de recepción: 28/10/2022

Fecha de aceptación: 15/12/2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.56398/ajacieda.00072

Abstract:

The IMO has set different SOx limits over the years, including different limits for SECA and areas outside SECA. The EU has formulated stricter limits for its member states. The EU port and SECA areas have reduced SOx emissions vastly. Ocean acidification, degradation of the environment, and human health has been improved in the EU ports and SECA areas. However, the improvement at the global level is limited.

SOx emission causes a cooling effect on temperature and decreases the warming effect of GHG emissions. The lowering of SOx can impact global warming. Further, the Black Carbon emission from alternate fuels can lead to increased GHG emissions. The acidic wash water from EGCS contains toxic metals and PAHs which when discharged

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1 septiembre 2021

Artículos Artículos en inglés

Artículo doctrinal: “Role of public in protection and use of wildlife: problems and solutions. Russian federation, Trans-Baikal territory, Republic of Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan”

Title: “Role of public in protection and use of wildlife: problems and solutions. Russian federation, Trans-Baikal territory, Republic of Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan”

Título: “Papel del público en la protección y el uso de la vida silvestre: problemas y soluciones. Federación de Rusia, Territorio Trans-Baikal, República de Armenia, Georgia, Kazajstán”

Author: Svetlana Ivanova, Associate professor of Land Law and Labor Law Department, Orenburg State Agrarian University (Russian Federation), PhD in Law

Autora: Svetlana Ivanova, Profesora asociada del Departamento de Derecho de la Tierra y Derecho Laboral, Universidad Agraria del Estado de Orenburg (Federación de Rusia), Doctora en Derecho

Fecha de recepción: 26/07/2021

Fecha de aceptación: 09/08/2021

Abstract:

This article examines the principles and criteria of public participation in solving issues in the field of protection and use of wildlife. Interaction between the authorities and the public should be built on a fair, effective and informative basis. The author states that public participation in general can be regarded as providing people with an opportunity to influence the results of the plans and work processes that constitute the activities of government bodies.

Based on the analysis of certain provisions of the legislation on the animal world and law enforcement practice, the author comes

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14 diciembre 2020

Artículos Artículos en inglés

Artículo doctrinal: “Understanding the legal development and challenges regarding underwater noise pollution in Spain and Norway”

Title: “Understanding the legal development and challenges regarding underwater noise pollution in Spain and Norway”

Título: “Comprendiendo el desarrollo jurídico y retos de la contaminación acústica subacuática en España y Noruega”

Author: Esteban Morelle Hungría, PhD in Law, environmental law and sustainability. Collaborator researcher in Public Law at University of Balearic Islands, esteban.morelle@uib.es ORCID: 0000-0001-5149-1792

Autor: Esteban Morelle Hungría, Doctor en Derecho, Derecho ambiental y sostenibilidad. Investigador colaborador en Derecho público en la Universitat de les Illes Balears, esteban.morelle@uib.es ORCID: 0000-0001-5149-1792

Abstract: Noise is one of most important pollution that affects to human health, but in aquatic ecosystem its impact is higher than terrestrial. Noise is included in environmental acts only by sectorial mechanism but, in 2010, this vision changed. Ecosystem approach was incorporated in Spanish acts with first legal instrument for protecting from holistic perspective internal seas. From the European Union built news regulations about marine policies from ecosystem approach, with two essentials acts, Maritime Spatial Planning and Marine Strategies. In this paper, we analyse these mechanisms in Spain and Norway; we make a descriptive research about the legal mechanism for managing the underwater noise pollution generates by human

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18 mayo 2020

Artículos Artículos en inglés

Artículo doctrinal: “Corporate environmental criminal liability in Spain and the participation of the environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOS)”

Title: “Corporate environmental criminal liability in Spain and the participation of the environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOS)”

Título: “Responsabilidad penal medio ambiental empresarial en España y la participación de organizaciones no gubernamentales medio ambientales (ONGMA)”

Autor: Miriam Ruiz Arias, Docente ocasional, Tecnólogico de Antioquía, Institución Universitaria, Colombia

Fecha de recepción: 03/02/2020

Fecha de aceptación: 08/04/2020

Abstract:

This paper has the aim of pointing out the environmental enterprises’ criminal liability in Spain. Considering this, it proposes an environmental criminal policy based in two main ideas: the participation of the Environmental Non-Governmental Organizations in the elaboration of criminal compliance programmes in a framework where the self-enforcement is common and the access to environmental justice of this organizations.

Resumen:

Este documento pretende analizar la responsabilidad penal medio ambiental de las empresas en España. A su vez, propone una política criminal medio ambiental fundamentada en dos ideas principales: por un lado, la participación de Organizaciones No Gubernamentales Medio Ambientales en la elaboración de programas de cumplimiento penal en un contexto donde la autorregulación es comúnmente aceptada y, por otro lado, el acceso a la justicia

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11 enero 2016

Artículos Artículos en inglés

Artículo doctrinal: “The role of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty for shared water management”

Title: “The role of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty for shared water management”

Título: “El papel del Tratado De Cooperación Amazónica para la gestión compartida de las aguas”

Autora: Viviane Passos Gomes, Doctor of Law – University of Seville; Research Fellow – University of Castilla-La Mancha

Autor: Francisco Delgado Piqueras, Professor of University of Castilla-La Mancha

Fecha de recepción: 05/ 11/ 2015

Fecha de aceptación: 14/ 12/2015

Abstract:

This study aims to highlight the important role of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty – ACT for the management of the Amazon shared river basin. There are challenges in the organizational and operational structure that need to be address. This article also focus on the major historical milestones during the 35 years of the treaty, which represent a breakthrough for shared water management in the region. In the last part, the rules and principles of internal and international law applicable to the ACT countries are analyzed. It concludes that, on one hand, it is important updating the internal laws of water management in the Amazon countries, and on the other, it is also important the adaptation to general principals of international law, and more specifically, to integrated and participatory principles in the field

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