14 diciembre 2020

Artículos Artículos en inglés

Artículo doctrinal: “Understanding the legal development and challenges regarding underwater noise pollution in Spain and Norway”

Title: “Understanding the legal development and challenges regarding underwater noise pollution in Spain and Norway”

Título: “Comprendiendo el desarrollo jurídico y retos de la contaminación acústica subacuática en España y Noruega”

Author: Esteban Morelle Hungría, PhD in Law, environmental law and sustainability. Collaborator researcher in Public Law at University of Balearic Islands, esteban.morelle@uib.es ORCID: 0000-0001-5149-1792

Autor: Esteban Morelle Hungría, Doctor en Derecho, Derecho ambiental y sostenibilidad. Investigador colaborador en Derecho público en la Universitat de les Illes Balears, esteban.morelle@uib.es ORCID: 0000-0001-5149-1792

Abstract: Noise is one of most important pollution that affects to human health, but in aquatic ecosystem its impact is higher than terrestrial. Noise is included in environmental acts only by sectorial mechanism but, in 2010, this vision changed. Ecosystem approach was incorporated in Spanish acts with first legal instrument for protecting from holistic perspective internal seas. From the European Union built news regulations about marine policies from ecosystem approach, with two essentials acts, Maritime Spatial Planning and Marine Strategies. In this paper, we analyse these mechanisms in Spain and Norway; we make a descriptive research about the legal mechanism for managing the underwater noise pollution generates by human

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18 mayo 2020

Artículos Artículos en inglés

Artículo doctrinal: “Corporate environmental criminal liability in Spain and the participation of the environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOS)”

Title: “Corporate environmental criminal liability in Spain and the participation of the environmental non-governmental organizations (ENGOS)”

Título: “Responsabilidad penal medio ambiental empresarial en España y la participación de organizaciones no gubernamentales medio ambientales (ONGMA)”

Autor: Miriam Ruiz Arias, Docente ocasional, Tecnólogico de Antioquía, Institución Universitaria, Colombia

Fecha de recepción: 03/02/2020

Fecha de aceptación: 08/04/2020

Abstract:

This paper has the aim of pointing out the environmental enterprises’ criminal liability in Spain. Considering this, it proposes an environmental criminal policy based in two main ideas: the participation of the Environmental Non-Governmental Organizations in the elaboration of criminal compliance programmes in a framework where the self-enforcement is common and the access to environmental justice of this organizations.

Resumen:

Este documento pretende analizar la responsabilidad penal medio ambiental de las empresas en España. A su vez, propone una política criminal medio ambiental fundamentada en dos ideas principales: por un lado, la participación de Organizaciones No Gubernamentales Medio Ambientales en la elaboración de programas de cumplimiento penal en un contexto donde la autorregulación es comúnmente aceptada y, por otro lado, el acceso a la justicia

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11 enero 2016

Artículos Artículos en inglés

Artículo doctrinal: “The role of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty for shared water management”

Title: “The role of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty for shared water management”

Título: “El papel del Tratado De Cooperación Amazónica para la gestión compartida de las aguas”

Autora: Viviane Passos Gomes, Doctor of Law – University of Seville; Research Fellow – University of Castilla-La Mancha

Autor: Francisco Delgado Piqueras, Professor of University of Castilla-La Mancha

Fecha de recepción: 05/ 11/ 2015

Fecha de aceptación: 14/ 12/2015

Abstract:

This study aims to highlight the important role of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty – ACT for the management of the Amazon shared river basin. There are challenges in the organizational and operational structure that need to be address. This article also focus on the major historical milestones during the 35 years of the treaty, which represent a breakthrough for shared water management in the region. In the last part, the rules and principles of internal and international law applicable to the ACT countries are analyzed. It concludes that, on one hand, it is important updating the internal laws of water management in the Amazon countries, and on the other, it is also important the adaptation to general principals of international law, and more specifically, to integrated and participatory principles in the field

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1 diciembre 2014

Artículos Artículos en inglés

Artículo doctrinal: “Mexico’s 2013 energy reform: towards energy transition?”

Título: “Mexico’s 2013 energy reform: towards energy transition?”

Fecha de recepción: 29/09/ 2014

Fecha de aceptación: 28/ 11/2014

Autor: Daniel Iglesias Márquez, Centro de Estudios de Derecho Ambiental de Tarragona (CEDAT), Universidad Rovira i Virgili, daniel.iglesias@urv.cat

Autora: Beatriz Felipe Pérez, Centro de Estudios de Derecho Ambiental de Tarragona (CEDAT), Universidad Rovira i Virgili, beatrizirene.felipe@urv.cat

Abstract:

Mexico is an important oil producer and consumer country but its oil sector is facing many challenges. One of the most important challenges is the decrease in the oil production and reserves. In order to ensure national energy security, in 2013, the Energy Reform – a decree amending and supplementing various provisions of the Mexico’s Constitution concerning the energy policy – was enacted. This note questions whether this reform fulfills the requirements to be considered as a comprehensive reform towards the energy transition to a more sustainable energy model or whether it is a political strategy to maintain an economy dependent on hydrocarbons, obtaining economic benefits with scarce environmental concerns. The note suggests that the energy transition is eclipsed by the economic interests in obtaining maximal profits from private investment while leaving by the wayside environmental and social concerns.

Keywords: Mexico; Energy Reform; Energy

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